Art History: Grade 1 Lesson 5
CHILDREN IN ART - Children from other Times & Places - Costumes &
- The Helping Hand, 1881 Emile Renouf,
French (1845-1894), oil on canvas, The Corcoran Gallery of Art,
Washington, DC reproduction print.
|Look for the clue in her clothing
that tells us where this little girl lives. Except for her
clothes, could this little girl and her friend live here on
Cape Cod? Why is this painting called "The Helping
- The Four Accomplishments, Toyohiro,
(1763-1828) woodcut prints, Ukiyoe and School, Freer Gallery,
Washington, DC - 2 Reproduction prints.
|A most graceful artist whose
works have much poetic feeling. He studied in the Utagawa
school and in turn had many students in his own school.
"The Four Accomplishments" include
two prints with two accomplishments on each print. In an
earlier lesson we saw a girl playing a harp-like instrument
called a "koto". A boy in the background was playing
a game similar to Backgammon. This lesson we will see the
other two accomplishments - calligraphy and painting. In
Oriental art, calligraphy, painting and poetry go together. In
calligraphy, word and image are inseparable. While the
characters serve a text, many characters have a pictographic
quality. Painting depended upon mastery of brush and feeling
for ink that were usually gained through an understanding of
the pictorial demands and possibilities of words.
In the Edo period, decorative painting
continued while a unique style of genre painting evolved,
known as Ukiyo-e. Ukiyo-e art, for the most part, is
celebratory. It features colorful images of daily life,
fashionable courtesans and actors from the popular Kabuki
theatre. These paintings were later adapted to the wood-cut
process. By the end of the era, multi-colored prints were
being produced by over 200 artists and marketed to the middle
class at very low prices.
- Edward VI as a Child,
Holbein the younger, German
(1497-1543), National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC reproduction
|Find the toy in this painting.
What do you think it is made of? This is Henry VIII's son.
What else tells you he is the son of a king? Have you ever
seen a baby sitting up in such a regal pose? He holds his
rattle just as a king would hold his sceptre. Hans Holbein
could paint the surface of things perfectly. "Feel"
the textures of the prince's clothes with some words to
describe them. He probably painted Edward just as he looked,
with no flattery.
The inscription in Latin at the bottom of
the painting does flatter the king however:
"Little One, emulate thy father: be
heir to the virtue of him whose equal the world does not
possess. heaven and earth could hardly produce a son to
surpass in glory such a father. Do but match in full thy
parent's deeds, and men could ask no more. Shouldst thou
surpass him, thou hast outstripped all kings the world revered
in ages past."
Edward VI died at the age of 16 and never
lived up to such grand expectations. That was left to his
older sister, Elizabeth I.
Hans Holbein, the younger was born in
Augsburg, Germany and studied with his artist father. He later
went to paint in Basl and met a lifelong friend Erasmus, the
famous philosopher. Through Erasmus he met Sir Thomas More, an
official in the English court. He was soon painting the king
himself and his family in his realistic style.
- The Gourmet, 1901, Pablo
Picasso, Spanish (1881-1973), oil
on canvas, Private Collection, Reproduction print.
|"The Gourmet" may be compared with
"Delfina Flores". This little girl also probably
lives in a poor peasant family. What color is predominant? Why
do you think that Picasso picked blue and then painted
everything with a blue tinge? Does the color suggest a cool
climate? Why? Why does she wear boots? A gourmet is a
connoisseur of food and drink. Why do you think that Picasso
chose that title for his painting? Notice her warm red cheeks.
Where else do you see a hint of that color?
Picasso inspired nearly every important
artistic movement in the 20th century. He painted the poor of
Paris mostly in blue tones, then in rose. African art inspired
him to explore broken forms and planes and to try Cubism. His
painting also was an echo of his times with comments on wars,
revolutions and new technologies. On the other hand, the
paintings are universal.
- Boston Common at Twilight, 1885-86, Childe
American (1859-1935), oil on canvas 42"x60", reproduction
|Hassam was an American
Impressionist painter and an etcher. He was born in Boston and
studied in Paris, returning to the USA in 1889. He settled in
Horse drawn trolley shows the historical
scene. Snow shows the season. Light shows the time of day.
Notice the emphatic use of linear perspective.