Art History:   Grade 1 Lesson 8

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CHILDREN IN ART - The Ways We Learn

INTRODUCTION

Sample Dialogue

This year you have learned a lot about art, and we hope you have enjoyed all the children in the paintings that we have shared together.  Over the summer vacation you may have a chance to visit a museum and see some original paintings. Most of the art work we've seen this past year were only copies or reproductions and may have slightly different color or size when seen in the original. Whether you see the art as originals or reproductions, it may help you to look at things around more carefully.
Besides learning to read books, you have learned how to “read” a painting. All of the children in the paintings this month are also learning. We learn in many ways. We learn new things at home from our parents and relatives, at school from our teacher and in play from our friends. Sometimes we teach ourselves things. What are the children learning?

Review the methods of “reading” painting as you discuss each one.

1. Use all your senses — “touch “, “smell “, “hear" , and “ taste" as well as “look".

2. Place the painting in history — compare life styles.

3. Learn something about the artist.

4. Does the painting tell a story?

5. Does the painting express a mood or feeling? How do you feel?

 

MATERIALS

  1. After School, Harold Ransom Stevenson, American (1924-), Reproduction print.

     

  2. A Dutch Courtyard, 1660, Pieter de Hooch, Dutch (1629-1677), National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC Reproduction print.
    bulletPieter De Hooch (1629-1677)
    bulletKnown for his interiors providing an intimate glimpse into Dutch houses as women and children go about their daily chores.
    bulletFound the structure and materials of rooms as interesting as the people.
    bulletPart of a group of Dutch painters.
    bulletWanted to express the values of cleanliness, orderliness, rectitude. Placed a high value on home, marriage, cleanliness and the importance of teaching children these values.
    bulletFamous for the amount of interior space he could portray in one picture (frame)
    bulletUsing shifts of light and scale, texture and mood, de Hooch has condensed a complex setting into a single, well-ordered frame, faithfully mirroring reality.

     

  3. Young Fisherman, Jeremiah Pearson Hardy, American (1880-1887), William A Farnsworth Museum, Reproduction print.

     

  4. Mother's Helper, Diego Rivera, Mexican (1886-1975), Reproduction print.
     Diego Rivera was one of the greatest modern Mexican artists. He was friendly with Picasso and learned from his cubist style. He also was influenced by native Mexican art. Perhaps Rivera is most famous for his mura1s which are done with. the, classic fresco method. These murals are artistically
    amazing but they also convey the plight and dreams of the Mexican people.

     

  5. Young Man Sharpening his Pencil, 1737, Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin (shar-den), French (1699-1779), Petit Palaise, Paris, reproduction print.

    Chardin liked to paint people doing everyday things. This boy spent his school days doing much the same things you do, but look how differently he dressed. Notice the tri-cornered hat, the hair, the “waistcoat". To keep his papers, he used a portfolio instead of a notebook. Notice his pencil with
    chalk on one end and graphite on the other. He used a knife instead of  a pencil sharpener.

    Chardin was born in Paris in 1699 and lived and painted there until his death in 1779. His private life seemed sad but his paintings give dignity to the common man. He learned from the Dutch painters who preceded him how to paint the commonplace and ordered space.

 

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